How votes in the Victorian state election will be counted

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For each legislative district, a primary vote count will first be conducted. The primary vote count refers to when the VEC tallies the first preferences of voters in each district. In order for a candidate to win a district, they must win by an absolute majority. This means that the candidate must win more than 50 percent of all formal votes.

If no candidate obtains an absolute majority based on first preferences, the VEC will begin a count of 2CP votes. This means that the candidate with the lowest number of votes is excluded and their votes are passed on to other candidates based on voter preferences.

This process continues until one candidate has an absolute majority and wins the election to become a member of Parliament in the House of Commons. About half of the seats in the House of Commons are determined by preferences, according to the VEC.

If the Victorian Labor Party or the Victorian Liberal/National Coalition wins 45 seats in the House of Commons, they will be able to form government.

How are votes counted for the upper house?

Proportional counting of votes is done for each region of the Legislative Council because there is more than one person to be elected.

VEC counts votes in 2010.

VEC counts votes in 2010.Credit:Penny Stephens

A candidate must receive a proportion of the vote known as a “quota” to be elected to the upper house. Any candidate who receives more than the quota will have their remaining votes passed on to other candidates according to voter preferences.

If no candidate achieves the quota, or there are vacancies after all votes above the quota have been passed, the candidate with the lowest number of votes is eliminated. The votes that the excluded candidate had are then passed on to other candidates according to the voters’ preferences. The process is repeated until all five seats in each region are filled to form the 40 seats in the Legislative Council.

Volunteers handing out how-to-vote cards at the early voting center in Camberwell.

Volunteers handing out how-to-vote cards at the early voting center in Camberwell.Credit:Justin McManus

How will the VEC deal with the record number of early votes?

There has been a record number of early votes, but the VEC cannot start counting votes until 6pm on election day. However, a recent change to the rules means that tellers can start sorting early votes from 8 on Saturdays.

VEC told that Age: “A change to the law made earlier this year allows us to extract and sort early votes from 8am on election day.

“This means that as many early votes in the district as possible will be ready to count from

This differs from the 2018 Victorian election where early votes were only allowed to be drawn and sorted from 10am. 16.00 on election day.

Will Victoria know who will form government on election night?

The VEC will attempt to count all regular primary and 2CP votes on election night. The VEC said this included “the most early votes in the district and postal votes received and confirmed to date”. An ordinary vote is any vote cast on election day within a registered electorate.

The commission believes its system of vote counting “gives election analysts the best chance of predicting who will form government on election night”.

What happens after election night?

The VEC will recheck the precinct primary counts after Election Day. All primary counts in the region will also be verified.

Recounts may also take place before a candidate is declared elected. There are three ways in which a recount can be called: At the discretion of the Returning Officer upon approval by the Returning Officer; at the request of a candidate with reasons approved by the Commissioner of Elections; or if the Returning Officer is instructed by the VEC to conduct a.

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