Duna de Bolonia: The Spanish dune hides Roman ruins

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In recent years, archaeological excavations have identified ancient burial mounds that were once hidden deep within the depths of the dune. Experts aren’t sure how many chambers lie beneath, but because the sand has helped preserve bones and the structure’s foundation, the necropolis remains remarkably intact, yielding artifacts like jewelry and arrowheads.

Located nearby Baelo Claudia archaeological site dates to the 2nd century BCE and is one of Spain’s best-preserved Roman settlements. Complete with ancient baths, a theatre, temple, forum, aqueducts and sweeping views towards Morocco, the site was built on top of an earlier Phoenician settlement and was one of the empire’s main sources of long production of fish sauce. After an earthquake from the 3rd century AD the settlement was gradually abandoned, only to be discovered many centuries later under the sand.

As the wind continues to shape and shift this unique landscape, historians hope that Bolonia will remain protected and continue to reveal more of its secrets to future generations.

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