‘Cold War Mentality’: China’s Xi Condemns ‘Abuse of Sanctions’ | War news between Russia and Ukraine

Written by Javed Iqbal

Chinese President Xi Jinping said the world should oppose unilateral sanctions and efforts by some countries to maintain their political and military power – a veiled shot at the United States and its allies over opposition to the war in Ukraine.

Xi’s remarks Thursday at the virtual meeting between the leaders of Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa, collectively known as the BRICS, reflect China’s tacit support for Russia in the war in Ukraine and its desire to form an international alliance against US-led liberal democratic order.

Nations need to “reject the Cold War mentality and bloc confrontation, oppose unilateral sanctions and the abuse of sanctions, and reject the small circles built around hegemonism by forming one big family belonging to a society with a common future for humanity”, Xi was quoted as saying by the official Xinhua news agency.

“As representatives of key emerging markets and major developing countries, at a critical time of historical development, it is important for the world that we make the right choices and take responsible action.”

The BRICS meeting came amid growing concerns about the global economic outlook and a growing political divide between China and India.

Although no agenda has been issued for the two-day talks, Ukraine is likely to stand strong in the background.

Russian President Vladimir Putin, meanwhile, blamed the “thoughtless and selfish actions of certain states” for the global economic crisis, adding that “honest and mutually beneficial cooperation” is the only way out of the situation.

“This crisis situation that has taken shape in the global economy [is] “caused by the thoughtless and selfish actions of certain states, which by means of financial mechanisms essentially shift the blame for their own mistakes in macroeconomic policy to the whole world,” Putin said.

The Russian leader also said that BRICS ‘influence globally was “steadily increasing” as member states deepened their cooperation and worked towards “a truly multipolar system of intergovernmental relations”.

Counter US-led orders

China has refused to condemn Russia’s invasion, while criticizing sanctions against Moscow.

India has bought large quantities of Russian oil at great discount, and South Africa abstained in a UN vote condemning Russia’s actions.

Along with Xi, Putin, Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi, South African President Cyril Ramaphosa and Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro participated in the discussions.

China has sought to use the BRICS meetings to advance its vision of an alliance to thwart the US-led liberal democratic world order while expanding its economic and political footprint.

It has yielded few tangible results, but Xi remains committed to the idea of ​​an alternative – and largely authoritarian – way of global governance that invests heavily in countries like Cambodia while cracking down on civil rights in Hong Kong and strengthening its military to asserting its territorial claims in the South China Sea and threats to annex Taiwan by force.

‘Irresistible historical trend’

In a speech to the BRICS economic summit on Wednesday, Xi said the conflict in Ukraine has “sounded the alarm for humanity”, continuing its formal position of neutrality while supporting its ally Russia.

Xi said the imposition of sanctions could act as a “boomerang” and a “double-edged sword” and that the global community would suffer from “politicizing, mechanizing and arming” global economic trends and financial flows.

“Economic globalization is an objective requirement for the development of productive forces and an irresistible historical trend,” Xi said.

The BRICS collective was founded in 2009 when countries were seen as the potential engine for future global economic growth.

Since then, South Africa and Brazil have seen their economies get stuck in crisis, while China’s growth has fallen sharply and Russia has become embroiled in its invasion of Ukraine and punishes economic sanctions imposed by the West.

China and India, meanwhile, quarreled over their disputed border and New Delhi’s defense partnership with the United States, Japan and Australia in what is known as The Quad. Clashes along the border resulted in a major conflict in 2020 that led to casualties on both sides.

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Javed Iqbal

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